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The National Health Service (NHS) is the publicly funded healthcare system in the United Kingdom. It was established in 1948 and provides a comprehensive range of health services to all UK residents, with the majority of funding coming from general taxation. The NHS is made up of four main branches: hospitals, community health services, primary care services, and specialized services. The NHS is free at the point of use for most services, although some treatments and prescription drugs are subject to charges. The NHS is also responsible for providing public health services, such as screenings and vaccination programs. The overall aim of the NHS is to provide accessible and high-quality healthcare for all UK residents, regardless of their ability to pay.